Copper in San Francisco Bay
Resources to Reduce Scientific Uncertainties

Chemical Speciation and Processes

Forms of copper and interactions with other substances

Related activities in the Copper Action Plan

Click on activity ID to view details.

ID Activity
CB-17(2) Measures to assess cycling and fluxes between water column, phytoplankton, sediments, and benthos
CB-18(3) Determine Cu-L1 and L2 complex concentrations (copper speciation)


Download full reference list -- includes all topics (PDF)

Home | Bioavailability and Effects | Chemical Speciation and Processes | Comprehensive Studies | Environmental Distribution | Sources and Loads | Transport Processes | Contacts